The Old Fort
It dominates the eastern side of town in a naturally defensive location. Under Venetian rule (15th century) it was converted from a peninsula to an islet for defense reasons with the construction of a moat and impressive bridge connecting it to the town.
The initial mid Byzantine fortifications on the two pointed rocks were improved during the 13th-14gh century and the walls were reconstructed by the Venetians (15th-16th century).
The fortified islet was a military and administrative center since the beginning of the 16th century. New defensive structures and new buildings were erected under British rule (1815-1864).
The most important monuments in the fortress are:
- The main gate, built around 1550 it is flanked by two spacious vaulted chambers (Venetian guardhouses)
- The Savorgnan, Martinengo and Mandraki bastions
- Towers towards the sea and the mainland
- The church of Saint George – basilica in the form a traditional ancient Doric temple, it was built around 1840 and was the official Anglican church under British rule.
- The Roman Church, a catholic chapel, the prison building.
- British barracks and the British hospital.
At the entrance to the bridge of the Old Fortress is a statue of Austrian Reichsgraf Marshal Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg (1661-1747) who defended the island against the Ottoman Turks in the siege of 1716.
The New Fort
The New Fort of Corfu is built on a hill above the old port and is a section of the first line of Venetian fortifications after the 1571 siege by the Ottoman Turks. It has underground galleries, cisterns and significant fortification. At the New Fort you will see the British barracks, the CeramicArt Museum and the outdoor theater.
It is unknown exactly when the castle of Kassiopi was built .
The Venetians , considering that it would be hard to defend both the castle and the port, blew upparts of the castle and evacuated the village. Few parts of the castle are there to remind of its glorious past.
Agelokastro is the westernmost fortress of the Byzantine empire and the Despotate of Epirus, which included Corfu until 1267.
It was constructed in the early 12th century, with the transfer of Palaiokastron (the actual monastery of Palaiokastritsa) to a more strategic position . In its prime, it could protect, if necessary, the entire population of the region (4000 people).
Myth , imperial luxury and plain natural beauty . The imperial villa of the sad emperess « Sissy »is the emblem of a whole era .
The archaeological site of Palaeopolis and the Mon Repos is the site of the ancient market of Corfu town, as it evolved from the ancient times till the 6th century AD. The most important monuments of the site are the following: the agora, the doric temple of Kardaki, the roman baths and a pre-Hellenistic round building, which was transformed into a Christian church during the first Christian era.
Temple of Artemis Gorgo (6th b.C)
The unique stone gable of the temple is at the Archaeological Museum of Corfu.
Here, visitors have the chance to see the well-preserved doric temple and thelarge altar .
The monument is located in Menekratis Garitsa in the area of the ancient Corfu cemetery, opposite to the gate of the port of Alcinous. Circular tomb constructed in the 6th century BC with spectacular archaic sign, which is considered one of the oldest inscriptions in Greece.
Temple of Artemis Gorgous
Temple 6th BC century in the area of Cannon Palaeopolis. The unique stone gables of the church is located in CorfuArchaeologicalMuseum. Here the visitors can see the well-preserved Doric temple and the big altar.